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AftyOfTheUK t1_j31864q wrote

>The fact shares held in a brokerage aren't actually owned by the person purchasing them - and are lent out without people's knowledge -
>multiple times - is NOT a fringe issue

It's a fringe issue, because it doesn't matter. If you think it matters, please explain what serious consequences have happened to all these people (because it's just about everyone, right?) as a result?

>You're free to provide some sourced commentary andor rebuttals from professionals in the industry about any of this

I don't need to provide any sources because I'm not debating you by claiming that what you said is untrue, inaccurate, misleading or false. I am telling you that it doesn't fucking matter. It's an irrelevance, a curiosity, something that is interesting only as a piece of a trivia on a London City pub quiz for banking toffs.

It doesn't matter because the outcome of what you're saying exists (which does exist) doesn't affect anyone - negatively or positively - in any meaningful degree.


pale_blue_dots t1_j335mvz wrote

Well, you'd be wrong to think it doesn't matter or make a difference "in any meaningful degree."

To start, the fact there are "phantom shares" aka synthetic shares through stock lending, short-selling ("naked" or otherwise), and indefinite failure-to-delivers (FTDs) results in severe degradation of a company's overall value. If someone is making and selling counterfeits of something - then that harms multiple parties - in this context, often including shareholders, customers, the company itself, and employees.

The problem isn't a one off thing - it's a common practice in the Mitt Romney-esque Bain Capital firms of the world. You can read more about the specifics in this.

As well, there are serious tax implications related to the whole thing for both individual investors and states. You can read more here (I tried to get the pages oriented in easy to read format, but when uploading they reverted; I tried to fix it a couple ways, but it wouldn't; nonetheless you can turn your head or save them to your comp and then do it yourself): page 1, page 2, page 3, page 4, page 5. As can be seen there, individual investors are paying far more in taxes than they should be - while states are getting far less (to the tune of hundreds and hundreds and hundreds of millions) every single year than they should be. The problem has only gotten worse in the past decade, so those estimates/numbers are now low.

When companies and individual investors fall into the sights of the larger hedge funds and banks, etc... it must be remembered that we're talking about people's livelihoods, families enjoying income and fruits of labor, standards of living maintained, pensions, retirements, and more. When we're talking about mechanisms and reasons for wealth inequality and the problems that arise and come from that, these are some of those major, key mechanisms.


AftyOfTheUK t1_j33iwqc wrote

>Well, you'd be wrong to think it doesn't matter or make a difference "in any meaningful degree."

Can you give me examples of people who have been harmed by these votes, and the events which caused the harm?

The links you sent appear not to be related to a problem around phantom shares and their voting rights, but instead relate to how companies handle the tax implications of FTDs. I don't know what percentage of the FTDs are caused by the phantom share issue you are talking about, but the entire problem the author highlights is that brokers are failing to keep track of which revenue is taxable versus which is not.


pale_blue_dots t1_j34ci8c wrote

Let's back up a moment and make sure anyone reading (including yourself) that per your own statements, you ignore andor don't value the principles of basic democracy and voting. Perhaps you misspoke or didn't think things through and would like to change your mind, which I encourage you to do on all accounts and wouldn't fault you for.

>But when a company with 100 million shares has 101 million shares turn up, I'm not going to get my panties in a twist.

According to your feelings here, 1% of the vote isn't anything to get worried about andor to twist any knickers about or whack the ol' knob in an angry fashion about. It's well-known that many an election has come down to 1% of the vote - both politically and corporate-ly. Life and death, literally and figuratively and business-ly and socially and psychologically, hangs in that balance very often.

Furthermore, the votes associated with phantom shares and overvoting (via lending, shorting, and FTDs) have been found to be commonly far more than 1%. Again, out of 341 elections studied, all 341 found to have more votes than there should have been (see previous source here). Even if the issue were relegated to "only 1%" - it would be "only 1%" of nearly, possibly ALL elections happening now.

(Edited addendum): the whole "only 1%" thing is a red herring of sorts when viewed through Hu and Black's research (and a few others) - considering the relative ease associated with fixing elections through phantom shares; indeed, deceptive parties would naturally not want to create too big of a difference / waves in an election, as to make the charade appear plausible.

I see from your comment and post history that you're an avid "free market" advocate and big-time golfer and, likely, a conservative of sorts. You definitely don't like healthcare in the form of "universality" or "government sanctioned." That's fine - <shrug> - it's just somewhat (read: extremely) hypocritical and suspect that you find the dilution of company shares via phantom shares, both in a voting context, as well as a principled "free market," market efficiency, market equity, and fairness context, as nothing to worry about. That tells me you A) don't value the fundamentals of democracy & voting andor B) you're making money off the current cheating and deception (that's what it is at the end of the day, is cheating and deception) and are biased to the point of blindness and a troll-like, sea-lioning, gaslighting mindset andor C) you're misunderstanding the entirety of the situation and breadth of the problems.

With that said, if you haven't changed your mind on that position, then our values are wildly different - and your values are wildly different from almost the entirety of academia across the world, as well as politics, as well as within the average Joe and Jane world (of which is the vast, vast majority of the population on the planet), along with much of modern, reasonable, rational civilization. As such, there isn't much to talk about if your position hasn't changed.

Edit: addendum


pale_blue_dots t1_j34clxy wrote

The rest of this here is for anyone else who may be reading. (AftyoftheUK: if you haven't changed your mind on the above, don't worry about reading or responding to any of this!)

>but the entire problem the author highlights is that brokers are failing to keep track of which revenue is taxable versus which is not.

That's not the only implication related to that chapter and is a misunderstanding with relation it to the subject at hand. (If someone comes away with that then it needs to be re-read andor read the link below this paragraph as a clarification and suuplement.) The fact of the matter is you and your family and myself and family and a vast majority of people pay more in taxes than they should - while those responsible pay less. Furthermore, as already stated, individual states and associated citizens are losing due revenue year after year after year. See here for primary research on the subject. This equates to standard of living, health, education, well-being, and innumerable other issues.

>Further, investors incur economic damages when they are denied the use of funds between trade date and actual delivery date. Using publicly available data on FTDs in NYSE and NASDAQ "threshold securities" alone, I calculate that loss to have been $762 million in 2007. This is not a one-time loss, but an ongoing monetary loss to investors that will not diminish as long as the system tolerates FTDs.

(my emphasis; see here for source; "page 5")

>Can you give me examples of people who have been harmed by these votes, and the events which caused the harm?

The examples have already been given in the form of the links throughout the previous comments. This is like asking "Can you give any examples of the damage lead in gasoline AND the municipal water system has caused?" There are countless people harmed and countless lives destroyed.

For more reading someone can hunt through the shitshow that is "naked short selling" when searching. There's a lot to sift through; not all is accurate, but a lot is. As well, reading Naked, Short, and Greedy by S. Trimbath will give numerous examples (as an aside, if AftyoftheUK is reading (naughty chap, isn't he? Aren't you?): I will donate $40 to a charity of your choice and in your name if you order and prove you have the book - you don't even have to read it, but you should if you're intellectually honest and someone grandparents and grandchildren can respect and not be ashamed of).

There's also a documentary that came out in 2012 called "The Wall Street Conspiracy" which can be watched here for free. In it a numerous credible people including Robert Shapiro of Georgetown University (He holds a Ph.D. from Harvard University, a M.Sc. from the London School of Economics and Political Science, and an A.B. from the University of Chicago. He also has been a Fellow of the National Bureau of Economic Research, the Brookings Institution, and Harvard University.) and Wes Christian, a longtime "whistleblower" and attorney - both of which spoke relatively highly of the documentary. The movie The Big Short and Inside Job are also worth a watch which give some context and history. See here for more documentaries on the broader housing and derivative subject).

To end: it should be noted that FINRA (Financial Industry Regulatory Authority) and the NYSE are Self-Regulatory Organizations (SROs) - "We investigated ourselves and found no wrongdoing!. More importantly, though, the DTCC/Cede & Co. is also an SRO and it is impossible (for "regular people" - for non-executives of the DTCC) to tell the extent to which FTDs are laced throughout the system because they do not provide that information. This wouldn't be a problem if they just came clean - which can be done in a safe and privacy-oriented way by publishing related raw numbers that can then be cross-referenced with public information and data.


AftyOfTheUK t1_j36ohhr wrote

Just to confirm, after claiming that the issue of phantom shares/votes were a huge issue, and me pointing out that it's not a huge issue and asking you for examples of who has been harmed by this huge issue, I just wanted to confirm for anyone reading that:

you ignored all of my points, and my question, and tried to change the subject to talk about tax revenues - which I pointed out have nothing to do with your original point, and the problem you highlight is one related to proper recording of income, and not to phantom shares.


pale_blue_dots t1_j37klqx wrote

Booo lol .. you can't even say you agree with the basic tenets and foundations of democracy and voting Booo <smh> lol

I already told you, there are numerous examples in Naked, Short, and Greedy and I'll donate $40 to the charity of your choice if you order and prove you have the book - you don't even have you read it. As well, you can find numerous examples searching for "naked short selling."

The fact of the matter is...

You're a true disgrace and are intellectually dishonest and deceptive. Your grandparents would be ashamed of what you've become - and your grandchildren, if they knew the real you, would want nothing to do with you.

Booo go back to whatever grimy shithole you slithered out of.

... you can't even say you agree with the basic tenets and foundations of democracy and voting.

Edit: ... truly, go back to whatever grimy shithole you slithered out of....

... really. Just go away.


AftyOfTheUK t1_j3lotm6 wrote

So still trying to ignore my questions which you couldn't answer.

Got it.


pale_blue_dots t1_j3ml0lo wrote

It was answered you numbskull.

The fact of the matter is your position on democracy and voting is inconsistent with the near entirety of the civilized and educated world. As such, there's no point even talking any longer. You're a disgrace to everything a "good" andor "virtuous" person is and will be.


AftyOfTheUK t1_j3n637q wrote

>It was answered you numbskull.

It wasn't. You haven't given me any examples of people harmed by the things you're claiming is very very serious and very very bad.

>The fact of the matter is your position on democracy and voting is inconsistent with the near entirety of the civilized and educated world

I haven't expressed any position on that. I'm not sure who you've mistaken for me from another comment.