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basmwklz OP t1_jazclf2 wrote



Ketogenic diet (KD) is recommended to avoid intense [18F]FDG myocardial physiologic uptake in PET imaging. Neuroprotective and anti-seizure effects of KD have been suggested, but their mechanisms remain to be elucidated. This [18F]FDG PET study aims to evaluate the effect of KD on glucose brain metabolism.


Subjects who underwent KD prior to whole-body and brain [18F]FDG PET between January 2019 and December 2020 in our department for suspected endocarditis were retrospectively included. Myocardial glucose suppression (MGS) on whole-body PET was analyzed. Patients with brain abnormalities were excluded. Thirty-four subjects with MGS (mean age: 61.8 ± 17.2 years) were included in the KD population, and 14 subjects without MGS were considered for a partial KD group (mean age: 62.3 ± 15.1 years). Brain SUVmax was first compared between these two KD groups to determine possible global uptake difference. Semiquantitative voxel-based intergroup analyses were secondarily performed to determine possible inter-regional differences by comparing KD groups with and without MGS, separately, to 27 healthy subjects fasting for at least 6 h (mean age of 62.4 ± 10.9 years), and KD groups between them (p-voxel < 0.001, and p-cluster < 0.05, FWE-corrected).


A 20% lower brain SUVmax was found in subjects under KD with MGS in comparison to those without MGS (Student’s t-test, p = 0.02). Whole-brain voxel-based intergroup analysis revealed that patients under KD with and without MGS had relative hypermetabolism of limbic regions including medial temporal cortices and cerebellum lobes and relative hypometabolism of bilateral posterior regions (occipital), without significant difference between them.


KD globally reduces brain glucose metabolism but with regional differences, requiring special attention to clinical interpretation. On a pathophysiological perspective, these findings could help understand underlying neurological effects of KD through possible decrease of oxidative stress in posterior regions and functional compensation in the limbic regions.


Adam-Ridens t1_jb0lbev wrote

Just like humans always do it, impatient and rushed.