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calloutfolly t1_jd2ydxh wrote

Genetic modification (and gene editing) involves specific techniques. Creating a transgenic plant by inserting a gene from a different species (using Agrobacterium or particle bombardment) is different from just breeding plants together. You can't breed a tomato and a fish together and make offspring, but you can take a gene from a fish and insert it with genetic engineering to develop a new variety of tomato.


Joseluki t1_jd3m0fu wrote

Not all GM organisms are transgenic organisms. There is a distinction.

You can obtain GM organisms without the use genomic techniques just by selective breeding or metabollic engineering and forced evolution.

A cow is a GM organisms as well as basically every crop and fruit tree we eat.