Atharaphelun t1_jds3had wrote

Which ones? Even Roman palaces adhere to the layout of a typical domus, in which all rooms open into a central courtyard (or multiple courtyards) rather than having a hallway that connects all of them. You can see this in the Domus Flavia, Domus Augustana, Domus Severiana, Palace of Diocletian, etc.


Atharaphelun t1_jdqdzvg wrote

And in other cases, all the rooms simply opened into and are arranged around a single central courtyard or covered space/atrium, thus the term courtyard house. This was especially ubiquitous in Ancient Rome and China (where the form is still used to this day, called siheyuan). In more complex forms of the courtyard house, there can be more than one courtyard/atrium around which another set of rooms open into.


Atharaphelun t1_iwfns74 wrote

Personally I'm not a big fan of using dark soy sauce in red braised pork dishes. It's better to make and only use tangse (caramel colour) to give it a deep, vibrant red colour instead of also adding dark soy sauce which darkens the colour of the pork too much.


Atharaphelun t1_iv96ysy wrote

The storytelling, acting, cinematography, etc. are all absolutely impeccable, although the subtitles could use a lot of improvement (especially the deeper you go into those shows). One extremely common issue for example is the inability of the translators to distinguish between he/him/his/she/her/hers because Turkish apparently has no grammatical gender.


Atharaphelun t1_iv938vp wrote

Speaking of which, I strongly suggest watching the two Turkish historical dramas, Magnificent Century and Magnificent Century: Kösem, if you want to know about the so-called "Sultanate of Women" period of Ottoman history when female political giants such as Hürrem Sultan, Mihrimah Sultan, Safiye Sultan, Kösem Sultan, etc. took an active role in the state and foreign affairs of the Ottoman Empire. While they are historical fiction shows and therefore most of the story is fictional for the purposes of drama and storytelling, a lot of the broader events covered in those shows are historically accurate, or at least based on various historical accounts (some of which are contradictory to each other). You can even follow along the big events in the two shows on Wikipedia or other sources, for example, for the actual historical accounts of those events and compare them with the show.

Note that both shows (especially the first one) are very long with so many episodes, with each episode being an average of just over 1 hour and a half in length, with some of the longest ones (usually the ones containing events of greatest historical significance) being 2 and a half hours. Both series are available in their entirety, with English subtitles, in Youtube.


Atharaphelun t1_iud0dxn wrote

For ease of knowing about the subject, I recommend watching these series of videos on the Maya civilisation:

Not exhaustive and detailed, but gives you a sufficient gist of the historical developments in the Maya world.


Atharaphelun t1_iuc8vp0 wrote

And for reference, Calakmul was one of the two Mayan "superpowers", the other being the city of Tikal, its rival. Each city built up a network of client city-states and alliances which contended with each other, much like Athens and Sparta in the Peloponnesian War. And like Classical Greece, there was a third, bigger and more powerful external power that exerted direct and indirect influence upon the Maya world at this time, which was the great city of Teotihuacan in the Central Mexico Valley (which played a role much like the Persian Empire in Classical Greece).

The rivalry of Tikal and Calakmul is a rather epic tale which led to constantly changing fortunes for either side (with Teotihuacan occasionally intervening by deposing Mayan rulers and installing dynasties backed by Teotihuacan, as what happened in Tikal, Copán, and Quiriguá), and ultimately ending, for as yet to be universally agreed upon reasons, in the Classic Maya Collapse, a sort of second Dark Age of the Mayan world (the first one being the societal collapse at the end of the Preclassic Maya period called the Preclassic Maya Collapse, the reasons for which are even less known than the Classic Maya Collapse).


Atharaphelun t1_irtb9d7 wrote

A lot of people make the mistake of not binging it or not paying attention to the whole episode as they're watching them (usually by being on their phone), and then they're surprised when they can't figure out who the people are and what things are happening.

Even without taking notes the show can be followed by not making those mistakes.


Atharaphelun t1_iqz0in1 wrote

>The house of Shang survived though. Some of them revolted after the fall of their dynasty, but others were granted land. The state of Song) was ruled by the Shang descendants as a vassal state of Zhou. There was more brother-to-brother succession of the throne in the state of Song, compared to other Zhou states.

Confucius himself was in fact a descendant of the ruling house of the State of Song himself, and by extension, the royal Zi clan of the Shang dynasty. All of Confucius' descendants in our time, therefore, have traceable lines of descent going all the way back to the royal clan of the Shang dynasty.

>They established a strict primogeniture (father-son succession) system that had not been the case during the Shang dynasty.

Just to clarify, the term primogeniture just means the oldest child inherits. The term you're looking for is agnatic primogeniture, in which the oldest son inherits, as opposed to cognatic primogeniture, in which the oldest child regardless of gender inherits, or enatic primogeniture, in which the oldest daughter inherits.