annomandaris t1_jbkory8 wrote

As someone who goes to the dog park 4-5x a week, there is a big difference between barking and excessive barking.

There are definitely dog who will bark continuously for hours. They shouldn’t be at a dog park, this makes other dogs more aggressive too, to have a dog follow you arriving barking in your face isn’t pleasant for anyone.


annomandaris t1_jaas757 wrote

Humans had a lunar calendar of 13 months, 28 days, that would have been known soon after modern humans showed up, maybe 80-100K years ago. You need to know if you have 1 month, or 10 before the next snow comes.

That would have nothing to do with orbital mechanics or anything, even if you think apollo is riding thru the sky on his chariot, he's doing it in a predictable pattern, and recognizing patterns is basically a super power for humans, it wouldnt take long for them to keep track of it.


annomandaris t1_jaarnci wrote

lol, you don't need the scientific method to count 13 lunar months, 28 days, 364 days in a year. and then after a few years you would realize that your days are off a little. After a few resets, it wouldn't be hard to realize that 1 day every 4 years keeps it on track.

This would have been known and kept track of so long ago, 50K? maybe 100K years ago. They didn't have writing tools but they had pretty sophisticated markings on sticks and stuff.


annomandaris t1_jaar5mo wrote

>However, it wasn't until the development of sophisticated astronomical observations that the length of a year could be determined accurately, leading to the Gregorian calendar with a year length of 365 days and a leap year of 366 days every four years

people in the Stone age would have had a lunar calendar which was 13 months of 28 days, totaling 364, and they would have realized it was offset every few years and adjusted it accordingly.

This would have been known a LONG, LONG time ago, long before writing, maybe as much as 100,000 years ago

I mean Stonehenge was made around 5000 years ago near the end of the stone age, and that was a masterpiece showing knowledge of leap days and such, and this was before any of the more advanced techniques of the bronze age like water clocks, hour glasses, and more precise sundials that showed up around 3500BC.


annomandaris t1_jaapimo wrote

Long before calendars, farmers knew the lunar schedule of 13 months of 28 days which is 364 days, and they knew it was off so every few years you had to adjust it. This would have been relatively common knowledge around 10-20K years ago.

Babylonians knew 360 was off when they made their calendar, but they didn't care. 360 was just too perfect for dividing stuff. So they just had a 4-5 day holiday after the harvest that didn't go on a calendar. People got a vacation after all that work, and the rest of the year you could divide days in your head. everyone wins.


annomandaris t1_j6l24wt wrote

Also note that while losing weight is simply calories in > calories out, in the long term there are some factors that can make a difference. First off the longer you spend starving yourself your body will start to slow your metabolism down. Your body wants to keep its fat, it makes you fitter for survival in lean times. So simply starving yourself typically isnt as efficient as doing things like intermittent fasting. Again this doesnt mean that one is better for this person or that person, but just mathematically you can lose more weight that way.

Also remember that even if you are intaking less calories, you still need certain nutrients to be healthy. Your body requires fats, carbohydrates and proteins, as well as nutrients and vitamins to survive.

Unless you are very skilled and knowledgeable about balancing diets and meeting all these requirements and such, cheat days are a benefit to your overall health. Your body will often crave things it needs, so every now and then, you should treat yourself.


annomandaris t1_j6l0mde wrote

Most of it is burned to keep your body temp up. The rest of it is to just do the basic functions, lungs, heart and organs working, the brain takes up a good chunk of energy as well.

Your right, you wont lose much weight by excercise unless you do it for many hours a day. You best bet is portion control, and eating less calorie dense foods, ie vegetables and fruits and natural meat instead of things with corn syrup, oils, butter, etc. its better to eat a giant bowl of spinich than it is like 1 slice of cheese.

The problem is our bodys have evolved to crave energy dense foods, so it basically means good tasting stuff is bad for you.


annomandaris t1_j6l05uf wrote

Sort of. Everyones bodies are different, but lets just assume your body burns 1500 calories a day just surviving, thats what it takes to keep your body temp up, and your organs working etc. And if your pretty sedentary, you might use another 500 calories to work your muscles, bringing your average calories per day at 2000.

If you keep the same amount of activity, and only ate 1000 calories a day, then yes, you would lose a pound every 3.5 days or approximinately 2 lbs a week.

But, your body really doesnt like starvation, and its going to make you feel like shit for a while. So typically what is "easier" for people is to exercise, which lets say means you now need 2500 calories a day, and you eat 2000 calories instead of 1000.

This way your still at a caloric deficit (500) and youll still lose about a pound of fat a week, you will lose weight, but you wont be starving all the time. Also you might have days where you work harder, and some days that are cheat days that you eat more, this is up to the persons preference.


annomandaris t1_j6kz3i0 wrote

Also note that it is MUCH MUCH easier to not consume calories, than to burn them off later.

Its almost impossible to lose weight with exercise alone. If your eating too much now so that your overweight, if you start to work out you will be even hungrier, and it will be even harder to not eat, and that one soft drink takes like 2 hours of jogging to burn off.

Mathematically, the "best" way to lose way it to focus on cutting portions, eating less calorie dense foods, and then adding in lighter exercise and working your way to harder exercise as you are able to handle the cravings. of course willpower is hard to just create.


annomandaris t1_j6iq1pz wrote

Yes, I mean as far as Ive read, the wolf/dog ancestor split into 2 wolf types. One was the ancestor of wolves that would become the wolves as we know them today, and the other was a wolf that would eventually be domesticated, and become something like a husky/malamutes, and eventually the rest of dog species.

So while wolves have been bred with dogs at several points in history, it’s not quite accurate to say dogs came from wolves (the ones we know today). They came from other wolves.


annomandaris t1_j63phyg wrote

I dont know about stamina efficiency, humans superpower is that we can get rid of heat efficiently. Take wolves, they can only sweat thru their paws, and their main way to lose heat is by panting, which they cant do while running. So if you were to just keep after them, even if your slower, they will eventually pass out from heat stroke. The same applies to other animals.

Meanwhile the human is jogging after them, sweating all over, the faster they run the more efficient the sweat evaporating is, and they can drink or pour water over them selves as well.

Thats why we win persistance hunting.


annomandaris t1_j5wenpx wrote

Horses are the only animals that can outrun us over distances.

The key difference is sweat glands and the ability to cary water. Humans have sweat glands all over their body, horses also have a large area they can sweat from.

This means other animals can run, or get rid of heat, but not both at the same time, whereas humans can run for many hours if they have water. And eventually the animal they are chasing wil overheat.


annomandaris t1_j10lffz wrote

air compresses, so if you have air in your lungs, and accelerate, the lungs will collapse.

If there was fluid inside and outside the lungs, there would be no compression of the lungs, its like how a bottle can fall to the bottom of the ocean and not break.

But yea you have to get them all, fill the empty stomach and bowels, nasal cavaties, lungs,