marmorset t1_jdnbxws wrote

Here's how it works:


Shoe size in the United Kingdom, Ireland, India, Pakistan and South Africa is based on the length of the last [a last is a foot-shaped template] used to make the shoes, measured in barleycorns (1⁄3 inch) starting from the smallest size deemed practical, which is called size zero. It is not formally standardised.

Note that the last is typically longer than the foot heel to toe length by 1⁄2 to 2⁄3 in or 1+1⁄2 to 2 barleycorns, so to determine the shoe size based on actual foot length one must add 2 barleycorns.

A child's size zero is equivalent to 4 inches (a hand = 12 barleycorns = 10.16 cm), and the sizes go up to size 13+1⁄2 (measuring 25+1⁄2 barleycorns, or 8+1⁄2 inches (21.59 cm)). Thus, the calculation for a children's shoe size in the UK is:child shoe size (barleycorns) = 3 × last length (in) − 12equivalent to:child shoe size (barleycorns) ≈ 3 × foot length (in) − 10.

An adult size one is then the next size up (26 barleycorns, or 8+2⁄3 in (22.01 cm)) and each size up continues the progression in barleycorns.[5] The calculation for an adult shoe size in the UK is thus:adult shoe size (barleycorns) = 3 × last length (in) − 25equivalent to:adult shoe size (barleycorns) ≈ 3 × foot length (in) − 23.

Although this sizing standard is nominally for both men and women, some manufacturers use different numbering for women's UK sizing.In Australia and New Zealand, the UK system is followed for men and children's footwear [Essentially the UK system, but they count the UK size zeros as the US size 1 and go from there]. Women's footwear follows the US sizings.

In Mexico, shoes are sized either according to the foot length they are intended to fit, in cm, or alternatively to another variation of the barleycorn system, with sizes calculated approximately as:adult shoe size (barleycorns) = 3 × last length (in) − 25+1⁄2equivalent to:adult shoe size (barleycorns) ≈ 3 × foot length (in) − 23+1⁄2.


marmorset OP t1_jcfkall wrote


marmorset OP t1_jcfjfop wrote


marmorset OP t1_jcfedf2 wrote

The buildings along the coast are also built as breakwaters, and multiple layers of glass are required to withstand the waves. The first expeditions to Canada sailed from Saint-Malo, and it later became a home to pirates that would harass British ships in the channel.


marmorset t1_jcdy7ex wrote

No, but I didn't then decide to fish. And the sun isn't in their eyes, they're doing it because the fish prefer shaded areas. That's a whole different level of thinking. My hand blocks the sun, now I can see better, versus, my wing blocks the sun, now a separate animal will change its behavior.


marmorset t1_jccvdqg wrote

What's compelling them to do it? There's an advantage to doing it so the birds who did it initially had a better chance to survive and reproduce, but what was initiating the behavior in those early bird to create shade while hunting fish?


marmorset t1_jcc91z2 wrote

This is what always confuses me about evolution. Black herons in different areas all do this, it's not a learned behavior that's taught to each generation. It's an instinctual action, they all do it naturally. How is something like this instinctual? How is a bird hatched already knowing how to use this hunting strategy?


marmorset t1_jaess7c wrote

Although some US bills are embossed, the government provides a free electronic device called a bill reader to blind people upon request. It's a foolish system. Bills stay in circulation less than ten years and the twenty is always being redesigned. If the treasury had started embossing the numerals when the issue was first brought up all the money would be fixed, but they're still just holding meetings. The US worries about BS and ignores actual problems. All the touch card or phone apps must be of incredible benefit to blind people.

When I was in China they had paper money for fractions of a yuan. There were coins for amounts under a yuan, but also tiny, little paper bill for cents. I seem to remember that all the regular bills had Mao on them, regardless of denomination, but the tiny bills had allegorical figures.


marmorset t1_jabm0az wrote

I'm a real estate agent, housing sales have slowed down, but prices have not dropped at all. They're not as high as the rate of inflation, but they're rising. Demand has dropped because mortgage interest rates have gone up, but supply is down since construction slowed/stopped during the pandemic and that's kept the cost up.

No, the government should not be declaring that housing prices are deflating because that's not at all true.